Hypospadias is a birth defect in which the opening of the male urethra is not located at the tip of the penis as it usually is. Instead, this opening may be on the underside of the penis, near the base, or even in the scrotum. Fortunately, this birth defect is repairable with a simple and safe surgical procedure.
Hypospadias is one of the most common birth defects that affect male infants. It is caused by an abnormality in the development of the penis in the uterus, resulting in the urethra (the tube through which urine is expelled) not properly extending to the tip of the penis. Instead, the opening is located on the underside of the penis, near the base, or in the scrotum.
Health Implications of Hypospadias
Hypospadias does not cause any health problems if it is not treated, but it can affect a man’s fertility if not corrected. Additionally, some degree of discomfort is associated with the condition, including difficulty urinating and very infrequently, difficulty achieving and maintaining an erection.
Treatment of Hypospadias
Fortunately, there is a safe and straightforward surgical procedure to repair hypospadias. This surgery is typically performed on infants shortly after birth and involves realigning the urethra and repositioning the opening at the tip of the penis. The urinary and reproductive functions are not affected by the surgery and most infants are able to go home the same day.
Prevention of Hypospadias
It is not possible to prevent infant hypospadias, but many scientists have suggested that certain risk factors, such as certain environmental pollutants and certain medications taken during pregnancy, may be associated with a higher chance of hypospadias. In general, it is best for pregnant women to avoid smoking and alcohol, as well as medications not prescribed by a healthcare professional.
Hypospadias is a common birth defect in male infants, but it can be easily treated with a simple and safe surgical procedure. While it is not possible to prevent this condition, pregnant women should take steps to reduce their risk by avoiding smoking and alcohol, and only taking medications prescribed by a healthcare professional. By taking these precautions, parents can help ensure their baby is born healthy and ready to thrive in the world.
Keywords: hypospadias, birth defect, male infants, urethra, urinary, reproductive functions, surgical procedure, prevention, healthcare, smoking, alcohol, medications.