Necrotizing pneumonia, also known as necrotizing bronchopneumonia, is an uncommon, life-threatening complication of bacterial pneumonia. It is an inflammation of the lung tissue accompanied by damage to the cell walls and resulting in the death of the cells. This results in a deeper infection of the lung tissue, with risk for further spreading and more severe infection. Necrotizing pneumonia symptoms can include fever and chills, chest pain, coughing, wheezing, and changes in blood tests.
Causes of Necrotizing Pneumonia and Risk Factors
The main cause of necrotizing pneumonia is a bacterial infection caused by streptococcus or staphylococcus aureus. Other risk factors that may contribute to necrotizing pneumonia include smoking, advanced age, certain chronic lung diseases, and weakened immune system.
Treatment and Prevention of Necrotizing Pneumonia
Treatment of necrotizing pneumonia is often focused on stopping the spread of the infection and providing supportive care, such as antibiotics, steroids, and other medications to help support breathing, nutrition, and hydration. In more severe cases, surgery may be recommended.
Preventing necrotizing pneumonia means practicing good hygiene and staying up-to-date on vaccinations. It’s also important to practice healthy habits, such as not smoking, avoiding contact with people who have colds or the flu, and washing your hands often.