What Is Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS) and What Can Be Done About It?

Premenstrual Syndrome

What is Pre-Menstrual Syndrome (PMS) and What Can Be Done to Manage It?

Pre-Menstrual Syndrome (PMS) can be a very difficult and uncomfortable time for many women. PMS is a set of symptoms that usually appear one to two weeks before a woman’s period and can include physical, emotional, and mental changes. These changes are different for each woman, but they generally include bloating, cramps, headaches, mood swings, fatigue, cravings, and breast tenderness. Health professionals believe that these symptoms are due to the fluctuations in hormones during the menstrual cycle.

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Tips to Managing Pre-Menstrual Syndrome (PMS):

  • Exercise: Regular exercise helps to reduce stress and inflammation in the body, which can help to decrease some of the symptoms associated with PMS.
  • Diet: Eating a healthy diet that is low in processed foods, salt and sugar can help to reduce some symptoms of PMS. Eating foods that are high in antioxidants and “good” fats can also help to manage symptoms.
  • Supplements: Vitamin B6, magnesium, and omega-3 fatty acids have all been shown to help with relief of PMS symptoms.
  • Sleep: Getting enough sleep is important for overall health and can help to reduce the severity of PMS symptoms.

Treatment Options for Severe PMS Symptoms

If the above lifestyle changes are not effective in reducing the symptoms of PMS, there are other treatment options available. These include hormonal birth control, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), diuretics, and oral contraceptives. If the symptoms of PMS are severely affecting your quality of life, it is important to speak with your doctor about possible treatment options.

Although PMS can be difficult to manage, there are ways to reduce its symptoms and help you to live more comfortably. Making simple lifestyle changes such as exercising, eating a balanced diet, getting enough sleep, and taking certain supplements can all be helpful. If these changes are not enough, there are other treatments available that may be more effective at managing your PMS symptoms.

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