What Is Sarcoma? Symptoms, Risk Factors, and Treatment Options

Sarcoma Symptoms

What Is Sarcoma?

Sarcoma is a rare type of cancer that begins in the body’s soft tissue or in bone. It’s an aggressive cancer that often spreads to other parts of the body more quickly than other cancers. The cause of sarcoma is not known, although it can sometimes be inherited.

Symptoms of Sarcoma

The symptoms of sarcoma can vary depending on where the cancer is located in the body. Some of the more common symptoms can include:

  • Pain in the affected area
  • Swelling or a lump near the area
  • Fatigue
  • Loss of weight without explanation
  • Fever or night sweats

Risk factors for Sarcoma

The exact cause of sarcoma is unknown, but there are some risk factors that may increase your chance of developing it. These include:

  • Age – Sarcoma is most common in older adults.
  • Exposure to radiation– Previous radiation therapy, especially if it was to the chest or abdomen, can increase your risk of developing sarcoma.
  • Heredity– A hereditary disorder, such as neurofibromatosis or Li-Fraumeni syndrome, can increase your risk.
  • Chemical Exposure– Exposure to certain chemicals, such as arsenic, benzene, and vinyl chloride, can increase your risk of developing sarcoma.

Treatment Options and Health

The treatment for sarcoma will depend on the type and location of the cancer, as well as your overall health. Treatment options may include:

  • Surgery– Surgery is the most common treatment for sarcoma and may be used to remove the tumor, or in more advanced cases, to remove tumors that have spread to other parts of the body.
  • Radiation Therapy– Radiation therapy may be used to kill of any remaining cancer cells after surgery.
  • Chemotherapy– Chemotherapy may be used in combination with surgery and radiation therapy to kill cancer cells and help prevent the cancer from spreading to other parts of the body.

It’s important to speak with your doctor if you’re experiencing any symptoms that may be related to sarcoma. Early detection and treatment are key to the best possible outcome.

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