What You Need to Know About Semen Analysis: Results, Normal Results, Tests, and More

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Understanding semen analysis and the results that come from it is important for men’s health. Semen analysis is the process of evaluating sperm quality by testing the concentration, motility (movement), and morphology (shape) of sperm in the semen. It’s usually done as part of a fertility evaluation.

What Does Semen Analysis Test For?

Semen analysis can be used to evaluate the presence of male infertility factors, such as the sperm count, sperm motility, and sperm morphology. It can also detect any abnormalities in the semen, such as the presence of blood cells or white blood cells.

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What Are the Normal Results of a Semen Analysis?

The normal results of a semen analysis will vary depending on the laboratory that is performing the test, but typically, a healthy sperm count should be at least 20 million sperm per milliliter of semen. At least 50 percent of the sperm should have a forward-progressive motility, and at least 30 percent of the sperm should have an appropriate morphology.

What Tests Are Typically Done During a Semen Analysis?

The tests that are typically done during a semen analysis include:

  • Volume: This is the amount of semen produced in a single ejaculation.
  • Sperm Count: This is the number of sperm per milliliter of semen.
  • Sperm Motility: This is the percentage of sperm that are actively moving.
  • Sperm Morphology: This is the percentage of sperm that have an appropriate size and shape.
  • pH Level: This is the balance of acidity and alkalinity in the semen.

What Are the Health Implications of Abnormal Results?

If the semen analysis reveals any abnormal results, such as a low sperm count or poor motility or morphology, it may indicate that there is a fertility issue. In these cases, it’s important to consult with a healthcare professional to determine the underlying cause, as this could be due to an underlying medical condition or lifestyle factors, such as poor nutrition or excessive alcohol consumption.


Semen analysis is an important tool for evaluating sperm quality, and understanding the results and the health implications is essential for men’s health. If you have any questions or concerns about your semen analysis results, speak with your healthcare provider as soon as possible.

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