What is Allergic Bronchopulmonary Aspergillosis (ABPA)?
Allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis (ABPA) is a type of lung disease caused by an allergic reaction to Aspergillus fungi. It is a chronic asthma-like condition that can cause lung damage and scarring, leading to decreased lung function, shortness of breath, and coughing up sputum and blood.
Causes of ABPA
ABPA is usually caused by an allergic reaction to the Aspergillus fungi, which is a common organism found in the environment. People with a weakened immune system or a history of asthma, allergies, or cystic fibrosis are more likely to develop ABPA.
Symptoms of ABPA
The most common symptoms of ABPA are coughing up thick, greenish-brown sputum, shortness of breath, and chest tightness. Other symptoms may include wheezing, fatigue, heartburn, unexplained weight loss, recurrent chest infections, and fever.
Diagnosis of ABPA
ABPA is typically diagnosed by a doctor taking a detailed medical history and performing a physical exam. Other tests, such as X-rays, chest CT scans, or sputum cultures, may be used to confirm the diagnosis.
Treatment of ABPA
Treatment for ABPA typically involves medications to reduce inflammation, such as corticosteroids, and drugs to reduce the allergic response, such as antifungal medications. Other treatments may include immunotherapy, oxygen therapy, and bronchodilator drugs.
Health & Prevention
Maintaining good health is important for those with ABPA. This includes controlling asthma symptoms, avoiding triggers (such as dust, smoke, and certain medications), and eating a healthy diet with plenty of fruits and vegetables. Additionally, people with ABPA should get vaccinated for influenza and pneumonia to reduce their risk of infection.
Allergic Bronchopulmonary Aspergillosis (ABPA), Causes, Symptoms, Treatment, Health, Prevention, X-rays, Chest CT scans, Sputum Cultures, Corticosteroids, Antifungal Medications, Asthma, Allergies, Cystic Fibrosis, Influenza, Pneumonia.