What is Renal Cancer?
Renal cancer, more commonly referred to as kidney cancer, is a type of cancer that affects the kidneys. It is a serious condition that can have a significant impact on a person’s health. The kidneys are located on either side of the body, below the rib cage, and they are responsible for filtering the blood and producing urine. If renal cancer is detected early, it is usually treatable, though it can sometimes be difficult to diagnose.
Causes of Renal Cancer
The exact cause of renal cancer is still unknown, but there are certain risk factors that may increase the likelihood of developing the condition. These include age, smoking, obesity, long-term use of certain medications, and a family history of kidney cancer. A diet high in red and processed meats and low in fruits and vegetables may also increase the risk of renal cancer.
Symptoms and Diagnosis of Renal Cancer
The early stages of renal cancer may show no symptoms, making it difficult to diagnose. As the condition progresses, some common symptoms may include: blood in the urine, pain in the back or side, fatigue, unexplained weight loss, and swollen ankles or feet. If these symptoms occur, it is important to have a medical evaluation with your doctor to determine if there is an underlying medical cause.
Treatment Options and Health
Treatment for renal cancer will depend on the stage and size of the cancer, as well as the individual’s overall health. The main treatments for renal cancer include surgery, targeted therapy, or radiation therapy. In some cases, chemotherapy or immunotherapy may also be used. For those who are unable to have surgery, other treatments such as ablation, embolization, or radiation therapy may be recommended.
It is important to have regular check-ups and to follow your doctor’s advice regarding your health if you have been diagnosed with renal cancer. A healthy lifestyle, eating a balanced diet, exercising regularly, and avoiding smoking can help reduce the risk of renal cancer. In addition, regular screening tests can help detect renal cancer early, when the chance of successful treatment is greater.